Wiener Johann Strauss Orchester is an Austrian orchestra based in Vienna. The orchestra was formed under the auspices of Professor Oskar Goger and Austrian Radio in 1966. Eduard Strauss II, the nephew of Johann Strauss III, who carried on the Strauss dynasty musical tradition into the 20th century, was the orchestra's first conductor.
The primary aim of this orchestra is to recreate the touring Strauss Orchestra of the days of Johann Strauss I, who was the founder of the Strauss musical dynasty. The members of the orchestra were selected from leading Vienna orchestras such as the Vienna Symphony Orchestra and the Vienna Radio Orchestra so that its quality would be first-rate.