Zhoukoudian, better known as the site of Peking Man – one of the first specimens of homo erectus
– is one of the most important palaeontological sites in the world, and one of Beijing's seven Unesco World Heritage sites
. All of the human remains in the museum are replicas (the originals vanished in 1941) but the primitive tools and animal skeletons from the mid-to-late Pleistocene era are genuine. You can also explore the 15 excavation sites; the Peking Man cave is the deepest, darkest and most bone-chilling of them all, the exact site where man’s ancient ancestor lived some 500,000 to 700,000 years ago.
Don’t miss ‘Locality 4’, where evidence of the first-ever use of fire was found.
Estimated time Two-to-three hours.
English provisions Translations are comprehensive, and of a good standard.